Antibiotics first arrived on the medical scene in 1932 thanks to Gerhard Domagk;  and coined the "wonder drugs". The introduction of the sulfa drugs led to a decline in the . mortality rate from pneumonia to drop from % each year to % by 1939.  Antibiotics inhibit the growth or the metabolic activities of bacteria and other microorganisms by a chemical substance of microbial origin. Penicillin, introduced a few years later, provided a broader spectrum of activity compared to sulfa drugs and reduced side effects. Streptomycin, found in 1942, proved to be the first drug effective against the cause of tuberculosis and also came to be the best known of a long series of important antibiotics. A second generation of antibiotics was introduced in the 1940s: aureomycin and chloramphenicol. Aureomycin was the best known of the second generation.
The Australian Venom Zoo’s main principle is to teach the public more about venomous animals and how we are incorporating this into work with bio-pharmaceutical companies.
All of the Venom that is supplied from the Australian Venom Zoo, goes towards developing the worlds most cutting edge medicines, through molecular biology. We tell people on a tour of the zoo that the top 65% of medicines or drugs are derived from Botany right now.
Within the next 5 to 10 years, all of the cutting edge medicines will be created using venom or biology.
This is not a new concept though since Indigenous people all throughout the world have been using these as medicines for thousands of years.
We aim to educate the general public that their are some great things being developed because of the deadliest animals in the world.