Managing an acute attack involves preparation. This includes consulting with a physician about any appropriate drugs that can be taken when an acute attack occurs, and deciding ahead of time when it is appropriate to go to a hospital. During an attack, it is helpful to lie down in a safe place with a firm surface, and avoid any head movement. Sometimes keeping the eyes open and fixed on a stationary object about 18 inches away is helpful. In order to control dehydration, a doctor should be called if fluid intake is not possible over time due to persistent vomiting.
SSNHL may be a risk factor for stroke. In a study of patients in Taiwan hospitalized for treatment of a first episode of SSNHL, the risk of stroke over a five-year follow-up period was increased compared with patients of similar age and demographics hospitalized for appendicitis (hazard ratio [HR] , 95% CI -) [ 9 ]. However, in a review of the literature, the committee developing 2012 guidelines for the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) found that the relationship between SSNHL and risk of stroke did not meet their threshold for significance [ 3 ]. SSHNL has also been associated with an increased risk for myocardial infarction later in life [ 10 ].
As of July 2012, a visit to the National Library of Medicine’s search engine, PubMed, revealed 497 research articles concerning AIED disease published since 1964 with eleven of these published in the last year. In spite of this moderate effort by the medical research community, AIED disease remains a chronic, incurable disorder that causes progressive disability to both hearing and balance. At the American Hearing Research Foundation (AHRF) , we have funded basic research on similar disorders in the past , and are interested in funding research on AIED in the future. We are particularly interested in projects that might lead to methods of stopping progression of hearing loss and the disabling attacks of dizziness. Get more information about contributing to the AHRF’s efforts to detect and treat acoustic neuroma.