Mongolian gerbils were observed for the effects of beta-methasone on ischemic brain edema which developed during ischemia or after blood flow restoration. The severity of brain edema was determined by measuring water content of the ischemic cerebral hemisphere, using the wet and dry methods. Sodium and potassium ions were extracted from homogenized brains with HNO2 and ion concentration measured by flame photometry. Passage of RISA from blood into the cerebral parenchyma, as an indicator of blood-brain barrier change, was determined with a gamma-scintillation counter. In the cytotoxic edema model, animals were killed after 9 h permanent ischemia or 3 h after 1 h ischemia. In the simultaneous cytotoxic and vasogenic edema model, the animals were killed either 20 h or 3 days following 1 h ischemia, or 3 h after blood flow restoration following 6 h ischemia. Steroid treatment was ineffective in ischemic brain edema of the cytotoxic or vasogenic type.
This is a rare complication that may occur if a small hole is made in the fibrous sac and does not close up after the needle puncture. These small holes are only made in less than 1% of epidural injections and usually heal on their own. The spinal fluid inside can leak out, and when severe, the brain loses the cushioning effect of the fluid, which causes a severe headache when you sit or stand. These types of headaches occur typically about 2-3 days after the procedure and are positional - they come on when you sit or stand and go away when you lie down. If you do develop a spinal headache, it is OK to treat yourself. As long as you do not feel ill and have no fever and the headache goes away when you lay down, you may treat yourself with 24 hours of bed rest with bathroom privileges while drinking plenty of fluids. This almost always works. If it does not, contact the radiologist who performed the procedure or your referring physician. A procedure (called an epidural blood patch) can be performed in the hospital that has a very high success rate in treating spinal headaches.
Many abusers who inject anabolic steroids may use nonsterile injection techniques or share contaminated needles with other abusers. In addition, some steroid preparations are manufactured illegally under nonsterile conditions. These factors put abusers at risk for acquiring lifethreatening viral infections, such as HIV and hepatitis B and C. Abusers also can develop endocarditis, a bacterial infection that causes a potentially fatal inflammation of the inner lining of the heart. Bacterial infections also can cause pain and abscess formation at injection sites.